A trap for those suffering from depression and anxiety is that many of people's natural coping reactions make the problem worse rather than better.
Here are a few examples of that, and some practical solutions.
Note: Please be compassionate with yourself if you can relate to any of these patterns. They're common pitfalls, not an indictment of you as a person.
1. You don't fix problems that frustrate you.
Feeling irritable is one of the main symptoms of depression for many people. Some problems that trigger repeated irritation and frustration are easily fixable. However, people with depression often go into a passive "survival" mode and don't address these issues, even though they could.
People with depression often just put up with this type of issue (and complain about it), rather than deploying a solution. It's understandable to do this, but not very helpful.
2. You wait for your sleep to improve before you take other actions.
Difficulty sleeping is one of the most horrible symptoms of depression. Unfortunately, it's often the last symptom to resolve when someone's mood starts to improve. Therefore, although it's hard, it is important that you start other strategies, even though you're feeling tired and grumpy — for example, exercise. If you over-focus on getting your sleep right before you start other strategies, you're setting yourself up to fail.
3. You want a pill as a cure-all.
Medication is helpful for many people with depression, but it certainly doesn't address all of the thinking and behavioral patterns that are associated with it. For example, you'll likely still need psychological strategies to deal with tendencies towards rumination (overthinking) and avoidance/procrastination.
Solution: Try drawing a pie chart and estimating what role you think medication has in your depression recovery. Include whatever is relevant for you, such as thinking changes, exercise, meditation, laughter, problem solving, etc. Your personal pie chart won't be the same as someone else's, since everyone's preferred mix of strategies for recovery is a little bit different. When you start adding all these other components to your pie chart, you'll see that medication is only part of the picture.
4. You ask for help too often.
People with depression frequently struggle along on their own for far too long before seeking effective help, and may not realize they're depressed. However, sometimes people can become over-reliant on others when their mood is low. Examples include too frequently asking for help with making decisions, using technology, or reaching out socially (such as making phone calls). The same person can be too resistant to seeking help in some respects and too reliant on others in other respects.
When someone who is depressed constantly leans on others, it can create anger, resentment, and other problems in relationships. This is especially the case when the depressed person repeatedly asks the same people for help, or asks for help with the same task that they could learn to do themselves. This point relates to the next one:
5. You keep putting life, learning, and projects completely on hold.
People often feel like their brain is foggy and their concentration is impaired when they're depressed. Therefore, it's natural that they may withdraw and think they'll put off working on projects or learning anything new until they feel better.
When you're depressed, it's a great idea to go easy on yourself and resist taking on too much. This does not mean putting off anything and everything challenging or unfamiliar. If you do this, you'll unfortunately dig yourself into a very big hole where you withdraw from life and your confidence and energy erode.
Don't push yourself too hard, but understand that experiences of both pleasure and mastery are incredibly important for mood hygiene and depression recovery.
For this tip, I like to think of each day in three chunks — morning, afternoon, and evening. Aim to have one experience of pleasure and one of mastery in each of these chunks. These can be tiny, like canceling a subscription you've been paying for but not using.
You can also fold other advice for alleviating depression into this strategy: For example, exercise could be either a pleasure or mastery experience for you, or both. Something like taking the stairs rather than the elevator could be counted as a mastery experience; like I said, you don't need to aim huge.
If you include mastery experiences in your day, you're not likely to fall into the trap of asking for help too much or failing to solve easily fixable problems that trigger your irritability.
Which of these problems seems most relevant to you or your loved one? Which of the solutions seems most important for you to try? How can you implement that in the easiest way possible? How can you bypass the most likely obstacle to your succeeding with your strategy?